What does energy security mean?

Energy is now essential for modern society to function properly. Energy security consists in ensuring constant access to sufficient energy at a reasonable cost.

That security largely depends on the resources available within the territory. If resources are limited, the country or region will be highly dependent on imports to subsidise its own energy requirements.

While fossil fuel sources (oil, natural gas, coal) are highly concentrated in certain regions of the world, renewable energy sources provide an opportunity to compensate for that unequal distribution of resources. For example, electricity can be produced from sunlight, wind or water power, or from biomethane through the recycling of organic waste. By diversifying a territory’s energy mix with these new energy sources, you can improve both energy security and environmental impacts, whilst at the same time become a part of the circular economy principle.

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