Given our desire to play our part, alongside you, as an accelerator of energy transition, we have introduced initiatives to encourage the development of new gases. Indeed, with the challenges of the environment, climate and energy emergency, we are convinced that gas has a role to play in driving the construction of a low-carbon energy mix. It is actually a priority, if we want to reach the national target of 7-10% of the gas consumed in France being renewable by 2030. So we continue our initiatives, particularly concerning methanisation, methanation and Power-to-Gas.
To prepare, encourage and anticipate the changes brought about by energy transition: for us this approach is synonymous with innovation. We are currently focussing the majority of our action on three new gases:
biomethane: created with the recovery of energy from household, organic agricultural and food industry waste;
hydrogen: a totally carbon-free gas which can be combined with many chemical elements;
synthetic methane: obtained by applying a mature biological or chemical process known as methanation.
Biomethane, hydrogen and synthetic methane, apart from their huge potential in the context of energy transition, also have a number of benefits, particularly for the regions:
they represent renewable gases that can be injected into gas grids;
they offer a number of possibilities for exploitation (heat, electricity, fuel, motive power etc.);
biomethane enables local authorities, as well as farmers and industry, to give their waste a second lease of life;
they encourage the development of a virtuous, circular economy;
they facilitate a “new” competitive economic development of the regions;
they satisfy the desire and need to reduce greenhouse gases (GHGs).
biomethane connections on our grid in 2020
estimated volume of hydrogen, mixed with gas, that can be injected into the grid
tonnes CO2 avoided in Europe with the injection of hydrogen by 2030, and more than 21m tonnes of CO2 cumulatively over the decade
synthetic methane production in the Jupiter 1000 demonstrator
estimated potential from pyro-gasification in 2050 (Ademe)
For us, the potential of biomethane is a long-held conviction. We first injected it into our grid in 2015, and we authorised the injection of biomethane created by methanisation into our underground storage facilities in 2017. So we support those leading biomethane projects for connection to our grid as a contribution to that sector.
In addition, our Research & Innovation department is continuing to develop our knowledge:
about the composition of all types of biomethane, so that we can make sure they are fully compatible with our infrastructures;
on topics linked to hydrogen, to study higher levels, when mixed with natural gas, and check its compatibility;
on the different methanation processes, for synthetic methane, playing an active role in collaborative projects.
Furthermore, we got ahead of those developments by taking part alongside GRTGaz in France’s first Power-to-Gas demonstrator scheme: Jupiter 1000